Slowianie poludniowi to w 50-60% Slowianie, a w 40-50% autochtoni balkanscy
A LARGE GENETIC RESEARCH DISCOVERED: Serbs are a mixture of Slavs and the indigenous population of the Balkans!
The ancestors of today's Serbs and other peoples on the Balkan Peninsula were the indigenous Balkan population until the arrival of the Slavs. Part of our autochthonous genome is the share of the Roman population, which is also composed of people from Anatolia, who migrated to the territory of our country during the Roman Empire.
Today's Serbs are a mixture of the autochthonous Balkan genome (up to 50 percent) and Slavic, which appeared after the fall of the Roman Empire, so the migration of Slavs in the 7th century did not lead to population replacement, but to the mixing of our autochthonous and Slavic migrant genomes.
Molecular markers suggest that the migration of Slavs to the Balkans could have come from the territories of present-day Poland and Ukraine.
These are the results of a multi-year study by scientists from the Faculty of Biology in Belgrade, the Institute of Archaeology, the University of Barcelona and Harvard University, based on genomics and the history written in our DNA, who analyzed the skeletons of the local population before the Slavic migrations to the Balkans, after that, as well as the genomes of today's of the Serbian population.
The research will be presented on June 28 at the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, organized by the Department of Chemical and Biological Sciences, by Professor Carles Lalueza Fox, and it is ready to be sent to the most prestigious international journals.
Prof. PhD Željko Tomanović, corresponding member of SANU and former dean of the Faculty of Biology, reveals that in 2018 this higher education institution initiated research into the ancient DNA of the local population from our area. The occasion was the lecture "Genomic history of European nations", which was held at SAN by Professor Carles Lalueza Fox of the University of Barcelona, on the occasion of the 165th anniversary of the Faculty of Biology.
"Detailed genomic data on the origin of Serbs and other Balkan peoples did not exist, so on the shown map of the Balkans there was a "white area" without a genomic analysis of our history and origins," Professor Tomanović explains.
"After that, the Faculty of Biology initiated research into the ancient DNA of the local population from our area from the Bronze and Iron Ages, with a detailed cross-section of human remains from Viminacium from its establishment to the fall of the Roman Empire, as well as genomic profiles of today's Serbian population," he adds.
Guest lecturer at the Faculty of Biology, prof. Miodrag Grbić, professor of genomics at the University of Western Ontario in Canada, points out that this multi-year study analyzes the genetic structure of the local population in Serbia in the Bronze, Iron, Roman and post-Roman periods.
"This allows us to accurately determine the continuity of populations in our area and the share of DNA in today's modern population that originates from the deep past," says Prof. Grbić.
"The research locations include Viminacium, Medijana, Timakum minus and several other areas in the Balkans, which provides a basis for the analysis of later Slavic migrations and enables the determination of the genetic structure of the modern Serbian population in the broader context of other Balkan peoples," he explains.
One of the project participants, Prof. Dušan Kekkarević states that for the first time the genomes of a representative sample of today's Serbian population from BiH, Croatia, Serbia, including Kosovo and Metohija, were widely analyzed, which, on the other hand, provided a basis for comparison with the results obtained on archaeological samples.
"This is just one small example of the importance of molecular biology and genomics," emphasizes Prof. PhD LJubiša Stanisavljević, Dean of the Faculty of Biology in Belgrade.
"The Faculty of Biology, as one of our leading scientific research organizations, in addition to this one, also coordinates the research project of today's autochthonous grape varieties, as well as old seeds from medieval Serbia. We have introduced several immodule courses in recent years related to genomics and bioinformatics", he adds.
He points out that with the construction of the BIO4 campus, such research will become regular.
One of the authors of these researches is prof. David Reich from Harvard University, who was named one of the 10 most important scientists of today.
Professor Reich published a book translated into Serbian in 2021 under the title "Who we are and how we got here", in which he also lists some preliminary results of research into the Balkans.
Interestingly, the mix of populations in Viminacium was astounding to scientists.
"For the first time, the genome of a skeleton from sub-Saharan Africa in the Roman Empire, which belonged to a person from Sudan, the DNA of two twins from Spain, as well as the presence of Germanic peoples, was determined," says Prof. Grbić.
"The sequencing of 12 genomes of hunter-gatherers and the first farmers from Lepenski vir, within the EU project, has been completed. Results are expected soon, which will deepen knowledge about the development of agriculture and the structure of the population of the Balkans and Europe in the Neolithic period," he said.
Scientific associate of the Archaeological Institute, Dr. Ilija Mikić, states that the selection of samples was one of the most important segments of the project, considering more than 14,000 graves that were excavated in Viminacium.
"Such international and multidisciplinary projects contribute to a better understanding of the structure of the population that inhabited the territory of Viminacium in the period from the 1st to the 4th century," emphasizes Dr. Miomir Korać, director of the Archaeological Institute.
"With more than 20,000 skeletons discovered, this project is only a good start. Thus, the knowledge already obtained about this city, the capital of the Roman province of Upper Moesia and the stronghold of the Roman legions on the Danube, is completed and expanded," he concluded.
Osobnicy OBT-3 oraz OBT-56 (rodzenstwo?) pochowani w VIII w. Proto-Slowianie poludniowi?
mtDNA - https://www.yfull.com/mtree/H1du/
Y-DNA - https://www.yfull.com/live/tree/R-Y88962/
Distance to: HUN_late_Avar:OBT3
Distance to: HUN_late_Avar:OBT56
Distance: 1.8648% / 0.01864829
Distance: 2.0901% / 0.02090072